We will believe that some good outcome will happen anyway explainable away by the almighty being doing the heavy lifting. Because not even us know how exactly the outcome will happen, quite often, no body can sabotage it.
Because others see what we believe, others may believe too. After all we have so many arguments in the world. What is more convincing than to see someone, out of his selfish interest, believing the same thing?
When people believe something, they bet on it. Say you believe that Yuan will go up, you too will long Yuan and short USD right?
Morality has many definitions. The following are some reasonably intuitive ones:
1. What I want. I define immoral as people not doing things I want. At least that’s how most politicians think. Samples: watching porn is immoral because I don’t want you to watch that. I’d rather that I watch that my self.
2. What those in power want. Obviously you need real muscles so not to get ignored by those you want to control.
3. An art to cooperate. Those winning war and economic competition tend to be more just than those who aren’t.
4. What ever people believe to be moral. I like this definition more because it’s actually disprovable and verifiable. Then we can use evolutionary psychology to see how different idea of “morality” evolves.
5. Altruism. That means it’s important to teach others morality while not practicing it our self. A very common phenomena in the world.
6. An honest way to maintain reputation. Making money honestly is lucrative too and you don’t want to risk that for a small stealing. Of course, hypocrisy can be even more efficient.
Along time ago there was a general named Xiang Yu. He leads Chu’s army to attack Qin on late short lived Qin dynasty.
Xiang Yu then burned his ship. Then he fights the Qin army. Luck would have it, the prime minister of Qin has killed the Qin’s emperor. Hence the Qin’s general knows that he no longer has anyone to be loyal too.
Hence, the Qin gave up. Xiang Yu then easily slaughtered the prisoner of war.